SAP Modules Overview

January 14, 2013

SAP Modules Overview

SAP Modules included several different number of business process modules, the main sap modules are support by its unique transaction code to proceed key business process in each module.

SAP Modules are described as followed:

  • Financial Accounting (FI)
  • Financial Supply Chain Management (FSCM)
  • Controlling (CO)
  • Materials Management (MM)
  • Sales and Distribution (SD)
  • Logistics Execution (LE)
  • Production Planning (PP)
  • Quality Management (QM)
  • Plant Maintenance (PM)
  • Project System (PS)
  • Human Resources (HR)

When we consider the SAP modules as what we called ERP system, (Enterprise Resource Planning) we are mainly illustrate the SAP modules in Financials, Human Capital Management, and ERP Operations.

Each Different SAP modules is executed with different unique SAP Transaction Code.
More information about different transaction code can be found in this book.

Understanding the SAP Modules in these three main SAP modules:

sap modules

sap modules

SAP modules for financial modules are classified in following financial activities:

  • Accounts Payable
  • Accounts Receivable
  • Accounting and Financial reporting
  • Regulatory Compliance
  • Risk management
  • Cash Flow Monitoring
  • Travel Management

SAP modules for Human Capital Management has following functions:

  • End-user Maintenance
  • HR and Payroll
  • HR Process Management
  • HR Reporting
  • Labor Force Analysis
  • Placement
  • Talent Management
  • Recruitment and Training

SAP modules for ERP Operations has following functions:

  • Procurement and logistics
  • Product development and manufacturing
  • Sales and service
  • Operations analytics

To master all the SAP modules require experienced consultant to implement each modules, but more importantly, SAP modules is divided into business processes, by understanding different business processes in different industry is critical for successful consultant.

Before we want to understand the core function of each sap modules, we should understand its overall background and history of SAP ERP System.  Following is brief timeline for SAP modules and ERP Releases:

1972:  SAP ERP System was established.
1973:  SAP Modules R/1
1979:  SAP Modules R/2
1992:  SAP Modules R/3
1998:  SAP Modules R/3 Release 4.0B
1999:  SAP Modules R/3 Release 4.5B
1999:  SAP Modules R/3 Release 4.6B
2001:  SAP Modules R/3 Release 4.6C
2003:  SAP Modules R/3 Release 4.70
2004:  SAP ECC 5.0 ERP (mySAP)
2005:  SAP ECC 6.0 ERP (mySAP)
SAP ECC 6.2
From ECC 6.0, SAP have totally released 6 Enhancement for business process for SAP Modules.

2009:  SAP Business Suite 7

If you want to master SAP modules, I strongly recommend to understand overall business process of an industry you want to be, from that industry perspective, understanding each business processes in SD and MM function; because each business require SAP SD, SAP MM modules.

Some useful references for SAP Transaction code for SAP SD Modules, SAP MM Modules and overall SAP Transaction Code by different business process.

More information of SAP Modules ERP Information. 

(reference from SAP wiki )

Category: SAP Overview

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